For a very long time, Malaysian politics has been centred on a strong government and a weak opposition. The only time when there was ever a serious threat to the ruling regime’s hegemony was in 1969, when several opposition parties went on the offensive. However, they were severely harmed by victory parades that went awry, and by the violence that ensued from a government counter-rally.
Malaysians often don’t treat the opposition seriously. The opposition is viewed, to this day, as a group that cannot be taken seriously. Even though in this pseudo-democracy, there is a very strong need for a viable opposition to the ruling regime, Malaysians don’t vote for the opposition. About 40% of the electorate consistently support the opposition, but because of gerrymandering, the opposition rarely controls more than a fourth of Parliamentary seats.
If Malaysians want their country to prosper and advance, they must recognise the need for a stronger democratic system. Democracy and development are commensurate. Where there is no democracy, no transparency, no accountability, corruption and tyranny flourish. Witness how things have gone in other pseudo-democracies like the Philippines or Thailand.
Yet, at the same time, democracy in Malaysia is hampered by the weak opposition. The opposition harps on human rights issues, as traditional democrats might, but the fact is that bread and butter issues are the only ones that truly matter.
After all, what was the cause of the American Revolution? It was not a belief that all men are created equal, or that liberty was an ideal end in itself, although these are certainly founding principles of the modern United States. The American Revolution came about because of one thing: taxes. One of the defining events of the Revolution was the Boston Tea Party, where in protest against taxes on tea, patriots dumped crates of tea into the harbour.
Democracy exists not to preserve human rights or civil rights, but to preserve prosperity. It is just incidental that prosperity requires liberty to exist.
For democracy to grow and develop in Malaysia, the opposition parties must understand that they too, like the first American fighters for democracy, must focus on bread and butter issues. The people will be most inflamed with passion over the issues that matter to them. What are these issues? Education. Taxes. Public transportation. Town planning. Economic development.
Democracy is, when you come down to basics, not about rights or liberties, although those are concepts tightly tied to democracy. Democracy is simply about letting market forces – the will of the people – drive the country and its society towards an end that is more efficient, more prosperous. For democracy to grow in Malaysia, there has to be an understanding of this basic principle.
John Lee Ming Keong is a Malaysian student. He is avidly interested in politics, society, and economics. He hopes to be able to make a difference through his writings, and bring about change and reform in society. His website is Infernal Ramblings: A Malaysian Perspective on Politics, Society and Economics.
Honeybees make decisions collectively--and democratically. Every year, faced with the life-or-death problem of choosing and traveling to a new home, honeybees stake everything on a process that includes collective fact-finding, vigorous debate, and consensus building. In fact, as world-renowned animal behaviorist Thomas Seeley reveals, these incredible insects have much to teach us when it comes to collective wisdom and effective decision making. A remarkable and richly illustrated account of scientific discovery, Honeybee Democracy brings together, for the first time, decades of Seeley's pioneering research to tell the amazing story of house hunting and democratic debate among the honeybees.
In the late spring and early summer, as a bee colony becomes overcrowded, a third of the hive stays behind and rears a new queen, while a swarm of thousands departs with the old queen to produce a daughter colony. Seeley describes how these bees evaluate potential nest sites, advertise their discoveries to one another, engage in open deliberation, choose a final site, and navigate together--as a swirling cloud of bees--to their new home. Seeley investigates how evolution has honed the decision-making methods of honeybees over millions of years, and he considers similarities between the ways that bee swarms and primate brains process information. He concludes that what works well for bees can also work well for people: any decision-making group should consist of individuals with shared interests and mutual respect, a leader's influence should be minimized, debate should be relied upon, diverse solutions should be sought, and the majority should be counted on for a dependable resolution.
An impressive exploration of animal behavior, Honeybee Democracy shows that decision-making groups, whether honeybee or human, can be smarter than even the smartest individuals in them.Price: $20.96
- Princeton University Press