Photography is an art of creating moving or still pictures by recording radiation on a sensitive medium such as a photographic film. It has proved to be a beneficial medium for the purpose of capturing momentous moments of human life. The development in computer and technology has influenced the advancement in the field of photography. From black and white it has turned into colored picture making and then modified into the digital photography.
History of photography:
The word ‘photograph’ was first coined by Sir John Herschel in 1839. This word has been originated from two Greek words called ‘phos’ meaning light and ‘graphé’ meaning drawing. When you combine these two words together, they mean ‘drawing with light’. Pinhole camera was invented which introduced the concept of picture making. Then camera was invented producing black and white photographs. In the mid 1800s, the colored picture making made its beginning. The Lumiere brothers discovered the successful color process called Autochrome. This was introduced in the market by the Lumiere brothers in 1907. From colored picture making the digital photography made its appearance in the world. The photographers were burdened with capturing still pictures and not being able to work at remote locations. They also received competition from the television industry. Sony Corporation unveiled first consumer camera in 1981. Over the years, the digital camera advanced and was introduced with enhanced features as a result of which it became highly manipulative medium.
Benefits of photography:
The film making has earned considerable significance in many professional fields. It is used in the profession of film and entertainment industry. Even broadcast or print media made use of this medium to express the critical condition in any part of the world. It is also used for capturing images at home or in the studio. With the introduction of green screen, you can now place the subject in any part of the world. It is easy to add visual effects in the pictures through the green screen process where the background image of the subject is superimposed by any other image. The film making is useful for the scientists, doctors and engineers in their profession. The armed forces and police require the photography for data storage, surveillance and recognition.
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