The first step is to examine the difference between science fiction and fantasy. It has been widely argued that they are one and the same. However, one could say that in science fiction, one is dealing with the realm of possibility or plausible science, things that could be possible in life as we know it. In fantasy, anything goes! What ever one can dream up, such as animals that speak English, things that we generally think of as not possible but make for excellent reading, can be considered fantasy.
There is no right or standard way to write a story. What works for one does not mean it will work for all. There are however, many pieces of good information and or guidelines that that can assist a person in their endeavors to create a time and place that transport us from our everyday life.
1.Of course you can keep it simple and start writing and see how your characters develop and many writers have created entire novels in this fashion. In a sense you are experiencing the story much like your readers in that you may not know at the time of writing which way the story may turn. The downside of this style of writing can be that you may end up writing hundreds of pages that may or may not end up in the final draft due to the fact there may not be a clear direction for your story and it can change many times over. There is absolutely nothing wrong with writing this way as all writing is a learning experience and gets better over time.
2.If you are the type of person that needs more structure, you can somewhat organize your story. It may not be as difficult as you think. You can start with;
a)Write a summary or overview about your story. When you are getting ready to write a novel you will already have an idea of what the story is about. Put it down on paper! It is important to take that step of getting it out of your head and onto paper or in your computer. This allows you to examine it from an exterior point of view at any later date. Many times when we have an idea and don’t write it down we often find we can’t quite remember the full details of our ideas. The overview of the story can ultimately be used as the summary to describe the contents of the novel. The wording for your summary may change over the course of your writing and this is to be expected because the story will be evolving as you go.
b)The story must have its heroes and sinister characters and naming them correctly is of importance. The names you choose for your characters should suit the story.
c)Decide what the role is of the main characters, what are they trying to accomplish, and how do the opposing forces or characters interfere with the main goal.
d)The story would not be as interesting if it is cut and dry or predictable. You may want to introduce set backs for your main character. While he is trying to do good or the right thing, he may be confronted with things gone awry or huge set backs on the main goal. This keeps the reader interested and routing for his or her success.
e)Write a possible ending for your story. You may want to write several possible endings.
f)Now that you have a full outline of the story with characters in place, you can write chapter by chapter. Feel free to make as many changes as you want to create the most impact for your story.
Whether you are writing science fiction or fantasy, we sometimes like to humanize some of the characters such as an animal that dresses or speaks like us or the alien that sympathizes with human kind. Some of the most successful novels or stories are wildly out there but still relatable.
A good way to gain experience and confidence as a writer is to enter a writing contest. Some of the better contests will be judged by experienced well known writers that often have workshops or have their own websites with great writing tips. Entering writing contests can be a great way to break into this competitive field and get oneself known.
Whatever system appeals to you, do that, and keep writing, writing and more writing!
Enjoy the journey!
Frederick Hail is passionate about writing short fiction stories and entering into writing competitions.
Amazon Editors recommend this book for readers who want books with more complexity and length (with content suitable for a pre-teen audience).
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